Tooth whitening is the whitening process applied by specialist dentists to improve the appearance of your teeth. Many factors, including diet and lifestyle, can cause tooth discoloration over time. The treatment is a painless procedure that can rejuvenate your smile and increase your confidence.
Most of our patients need teeth whitening. The visit for the treatment process consists of a 45 to 60-minute procedure capable of making your teeth an average of 5-8 tons.
There are many effective aspects of brightening the natural color with the tooth whitening method applied without removing the tooth surfaces. Color changes are not complete, but the existing shade can be illuminated. There are several reasons why teeth should be whitened. Although this situation is different for everyone, our skin and hair color can be changed, as well as the color of our teeth. Some people have bright teeth. However, as age progresses, coloration occurs in our teeth.
Foods and beverages such as tea, red wine, coffee, cigarettes and currant can stain the tooth surfaces. In addition, with the effect of antibiotics or stains used by some people, small cracks may occur in their teeth, which causes color changes.
What Does Teeth Whitening Contain?
The most common teeth whitening method is professional whitening. Your physician decides whether it is suitable for treatment and controls all other situations that may develop.
The dentist applies a shield or gel to your gums to protect your gums during the operation. Then he applies the whitening product to your teeth. Afterwards, the whitening product is applied using a special tray suitable for your teeth.
The active ingredient in the applied product is generally carbamide peroxide or hydrogen peroxide. With the breakdown of the active ingredient, oxygen enters the enamel in the teeth and your tooth color is made lighter.
Teeth Whitening Process Time
Generally, the total treatment is done within 3-4 weeks. First you need to make two or three visits to your dentist.
At your first appointment, your doctor will make the impression of this by applying tooth protector. After the dental team starts the treatment, your treatment process will continue at home. Treatment means applying regularly for 2-4 weeks, 30 minutes to 1 hour at a time. However, there are also new products that last up to eight hours after a single application. This is an indication that results can be obtained in a satisfactory period of one week.
Side Effects and Other Considerations
Some side effects are likely to occur in the method that is considered safe.
Tooth sensitivity: Your teeth may be sensitive after bleaching. You may experience this in the first or second treatment phase. Your physician may recommend treating the sensitivity that occurs with products containing sodium fluoride and potassium nitrate gel.
Irritated gums: During the treatment phase, gum irritation may also be experienced. This situation may occur due to contact with the whitening product on your gums. This side effect will disappear completely after treatment.
It should not be forgotten that your teeth cannot be permanently whitened. Frequent whitening treatments should be applied for both internal and external color change. These products are applied for natural teeth. If you have crowns, implants, dentures or bridges, you should contact your dentist for tooth color changes.
Why Do Teeth Turn Yellow?
There are several reasons why teeth turn yellow. First of all, it should be kept in mind that oral-dental health is a long-term process, starting from childhood, teeth should be brushed with an appropriate brushing technique twice a day.
As a result of the consumption of beverages such as tea, coffee and coke over time, the teeth lose their white color. Although some of the food and beverage residues on the tooth enamel are removed with each brushing, residues remain.
Another reason is the use of cigarettes and tobacco products. In general, the use of tobacco disrupts oral hygiene and causes the formation of tartar between the teeth, especially the places where the brush cannot fully reach. Tartar (tartar) is the accumulation of plaques formed by bacteria in the mouth. It is hard and settles in the areas where the teeth meet the gums. They can be cleaned by dentists.
What is Teeth Whitening? How Does Teeth Whitening Happen?
Teeth whitening is a cosmetic procedure. Yellowing of the teeth is seen in the enamel layer. The enamel layer is the hardest, rich in mineral, and is like a protective cover for the lower layers of the tooth. This layer contains no nerve cells and is rich in calcium. The whitening layer of the tooth is tooth enamel.
External (extrinsic) discoloration and internal (intrinsic) discoloration cause yellowing of teeth. External discoloration generally develops due to poor oral and dental care, abundant consumption of (chromotogenic) foods and beverages that cause discoloration, and tobacco use (cigarette, pipe, cigar, etc.). These stains are usually seen as a thin film layer on the enamel. Substances that cause tooth yellowing as a result of the reaction of sugar and amino acids accumulate on the tooth enamel.
In addition, proteins in the structure of saliva adhere through calcium bridges to form plaques. Brushing with all toothpastes at the first stages of discoloration is sufficient. However, the stains that continue to accumulate over time and are not completely cleaned during brushing take a darker color and darken the tooth color and cause the yellowing to be permanent.
Intrinsic staining is seen due to aging, consumption of too much fluorinated water, use of drugs that prevent calcification (or homogeneous calcification) in teeth such as tetracycline.
Internal coloring; They cannot be cleaned by brushing teeth. In these stains, it is aimed to oxidize chromogen substances and to whiten the teeth by using bleaching agents that can affect the enamel and dentin layers. Intrinsic stains that respond the fastest to tooth whitening are yellowing due to aging and genetics, smoking and coffee consumption.
Are All Teeth Whites?
When people are not satisfied with the color of their teeth, they either use products that are stated to be “whitening” or refer to the dentist “whiten my teeth”. Here, the dentist’s assessment is important.
Evaluating the cause of the color changes and the patient’s expectation, the dentist conveys the realistic result about the degree of bleaching to the patient. White teeth are not possible in the presence of treatments such as old veneers and fillings in the mouth or at an advanced age.
Does Whitening Teeth Damage Enamel Layer?
When teeth whitening is applied to the appropriate patient with the right material and technique, it definitely does not harm the teeth.
For this purpose:
The procedure should be done by a specialist (dentist).
Patients with serious teeth and / or gum problems should be told why tooth whitening is not suitable for them.
Products that claim to provide “white, pearly teeth” in a short time should be avoided. Instead, whitening gels approved by the Ministry of Health should be applied as described in the package insert and strictly by the dentist.
Who Cannot Teeth Whitening?
Teeth whitening operation;
Persons who are thought to be harmful by the bleaching process (if tooth roots are exposed, if there is a gum problem),
Have severe tooth sensitivity, extensive caries,
Filling etc. that will not respond to bleaching in the anterior teeth and will create a color difference afterwards. those who have restorations,
Those who will continue to use tea, coffee, coloring food, smoking, especially for the first week after treatment,
Since the result cannot be achieved in people with a lot of transparent feature of tooth enamel,
It is not applied in those younger than 15 years old.
How Long Does The Effect Of Teeth Whitening Operation Last?
Although it is a painless procedure, tooth whitening is not performed often. Dentists advise their patients that the effects of bleaching should be maintained with good care in the next period.
The whiteness of the teeth can be preserved for several years by giving up or minimizing habits that cause coloring (such as tea, coffee, smoking) and regular oral and dental care.
In the teeth; There may be a simple tooth sensitivity after treatment, but it will end within a few days. The permanence of the treatment varies depending on daily oral hygiene and eating habits.
Especially; In individuals who consume cigarettes, tea, coffee, red wine and coloring foods a lot in daily life, coloration may be seen on the teeth after a while.